In previous post, how does memory work?, we saw that memory in its core is a cognitive process. Cognitive psychologists discovered different design principles to enhance memory performance and does writing on yellow paper help memory in that way remembering the information. Retrieving process depends on many variables and one of them is color. Color is the most powerful stimulus for the brain.It opens up other areas of the brain and allows greater and easier learning and remembering. As stated in the last postinformation enters our brain through eyes and ears and it is stored in the so called sensory memory. But we can pay attention only to a small amount of information. Once something has attracted our attention, it moves into our working memory.The brain notices and remembers color first! Farely and Grant found out that colored multimedia presentations resulted in better attention and memory performance. . Greene, Bell and Boyer further explained that warm types of colors such as yellow, red and orange have greater effect on attention, compared to the cool type of colors like brown and gray.The right combination of colors is also important, because it can produce higher level of contrast. Higher level of contrast attracts more attention and better visibility which influences memory retention (Dzulkifli and Mustafar).
But on paper, that kind of fluid assimilation and rearrangement of concepts just isnt possible. Syncing between devices can make notes ultra-portable, tooand search options available on laptops make studying more efficient. Writing by hand can also lend itself to verbatim note-taking too, thoughespecially if educators couple their lectures with wordy PowerPoint presentations or dense textbook readings.Depending on what kind of learner a student is, those simultaneous visual cues might make passive dictation easier, resulting in help writing capstone paper less long-term retention. The study does indicate the importance of note-taking overall, though, no matter the medium: These findings hold important implications for students who use their laptops to access lecture outlines and notes that have been posted by professors before class. . Because students can use these posted materials to access lecture content with a mere click, there is no need to organize, synthesize or summarize in their own words. .Indeed, students may take very minimal notes or not take notes at essay on internet service all, and may consequently forego the opportunity to engage in the mental work that supports learning. Twenty years ago, cognitive psychologist Robert Bjork called this phenomenon desirable difficulty, the idea that making learning harder can help information stick. If teachers required students to take their own notes or (on top of that) requested that they handwrite them, students could perform better on testsand they might even feel empowered to be more creative throughout the learning process, too. Some combination of handwritten and typed notes could also expedite the learning process and illustrate the power of engaging with material in more ways than one.
Writing by hand is slower and more cumbersome than typing, and students cannot possibly write down every word in a lecture. . Instead, they listen, digest, and summarize so that they can succinctly capture the essence of the information. . Thus, taking notes by hand forces the brain to engage in some heavy mental lifting, and these efforts foster comprehension and retention. .By contrast, when typing students can easily produce a written record of the lecture without processing its meaning, as faster typing speeds allow students to transcribe a lecture word for word without devoting much thought to the content. Whats surprising is that even when students were warned of the risks of verbatim note-taking, their electronic notes still demonstrated the same amount of rote dictation as pen-to-paper documentation did. Does that suggest handwritings universal advantage over laptops? Some scientists are reportedly skeptical of the findings, wondering if the effects are overstated.Typing notes on a screen does have its benefits. Electronic documents can lend themselves to better organizational formatting. Moreover, when it comes time to revisit electronic notes later, some students might find do or make essay the flexible format beneficial. On a laptop, notetakers can delete, reorder, and build on ideas with a simple click or keystroke.
Posted by academic writing essay outline on Tue, Handwriting might be a lost art, but educators should make sure it lives on in the classroom. According to a new study, Pam Mueller and Daniel Oppenheimer of Princeton University and ucla Los Angeles respectively, students who write out their notes by hand actually learn more than those to type their notes on laptops. Over the course of several experiments, Mueller and Oppenheimer tested students memories for factual detail, conceptual comprehension, and synthesizing capabilities after half of them took notes by hands and the other half took notes by way of computer.Students who used laptops cranked out more words than hand-writers did, but the hand-writers ended up with a stronger conceptual understanding across the board. Should students take notes by hand or on laptops? A recent study suggests taking notes on a laptop hinders learning and retention.Heres Cindi May writing for Scientific American: What drives this paradoxical finding? . Mueller and Oppenheimer postulate that taking notes by hand requires different types of cognitive processing than taking notes on a laptop, and these different processes have consequences for learning. .