In avoiding plagiarism, it is always wiser to choose more rather than less information. In a research paper for history, you generally need not cite common knowledge. Common knowledge may be considered any information readily available in any encyclopedia. Common knowledge may be comprised of basic historical facts, such as dates of events and place names.For example, everyone knows that the Battle of Gettysburg occurred from July 1-3, 1863, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. No need to include the source of this basic information.
You need not cite sources to what most would generally consider common knowledge, like the writing a paper for school fact that Lincoln won the Presidential election of 1860. But you must cite your source for any claim that appears to contradict common knowledge, like that Lincoln won the southern states in that election (since he wasn't even on the ballot in most southern states, this claim is controversial and must be supported). And you must cite matters of interpretation, such as an author's ideas in why, lincoln appealed to so many voters. If you are in doubt about citing "common knowledge" information, err on the side of citing; even unintended failure to cite sources constitutes technical plagiarism.Should I use footnotes or endnotes? Either of these is fine. Most history books are now produced using endnotes, which are commonly thought to provide cleaner looking pages.Most history professors, however, prefer footnotes, so they can quickly check sources. Especially if you have a computer word-processor, which makes the task easy, you should try to use footnotes. What should I cite? The easiest and most important rule to remember is: when in doubt, it is better to cite a source than to not cite a source.
A footnote is indicated in the text of your paper by a small arabic numeral written in superscript. Each new footnote gets essay writing service us a new number (increment by one do not repeat a footnote number you've already used, even if the earlier reference is to the same work. The number refers to a note number at the bottom of the page (or following the text of the paper, if you are using endnotes). This note contains the citation information for the materials you are referencing.For examples of footnotes in action, consult Rampolla"ng and Documenting Sources. What must be cited? You must acknowledge the sources of"tions, paraphrases, arguments, and specific references you may use.
Citing Sources, a citation is the part of your paper that tells your reader where your source information came from. This is one of the most important elements to your paper. In order to evaluate your argument, your reader must be able to consult the same sources you used.Proper citing is crucial to making a credible and persuasive argument, and to conforming to professional standards of proof. Use the note format. Citations in history papers can take the form of footnotes or endnotes.History papers should not use the parenthetic citation style common to literature and social science papers. These do not perform the other function of footnotes and endnotes, which is to provide space to clarify your use of complex data or arguments, expand on points you believe do not merit lengthy consideration in the body of your text, and to directly address. Each time you" a work by another writing a english essay author, or use the ideas of another author, you should indicate the source with a footnote.