However, the discovery of specimens bearing history research paper in hindi written Chinese characters in 2006 at Fangmatan in north-east China's Gansu Province suggest that paper was in use by the ancient Chinese military more than 100 years before Cai, in 8 BC, and possibly much earlier as the map. 7 It therefore would appear that "Cai Lun's contribution was to improve this skill systematically and scientifically, fix a recipe for papermaking". 8 The record in the Twenty-Four Histories says 9 In ancient times writings and inscriptions were generally made on tablets of bamboo or on pieces of silk called chih.But silk being costly and bamboos heavy they were not convenient to use. Tshai Lun then initiated the idea of making paper from the bark of trees, remnants of hemp, rags of cloth and fishing nets. He submitted the process to the emperor in the first year of Yuan-Hsing (105 AD) and received praise for his ability. From this time, paper has been in use everywhere and is universally called the paper of Marquis Tshai.The manufacture may have originated from the practice of pounding and stirring rags in water, after which the matted fibres were collected on a mat. The bark of Paper Mulberry was particularly valued and high quality paper was developed in the late Han period, which used the bark of tan sandalwood ). In the Eastern Jin period paper began to be made on a fine bamboo screen-mould, treated with insecticidal dye for permanence.
4 By the 16th century the Spanish introduced papermaking to the Americas ( see section below ). Early papermaking in China edit Main article: Papermaking Further information: Cai Lun Invention of paper, and Science and technology of the Han Dynasty Hemp wrapping paper, Western Han period of China, circa 100 BC Oldest paper book, dating to AD 256 The world's earliest known. Papermaking has traditionally been traced to China Cai Lun, 5 an official attached to the Imperial court during the Han Dynasty (202 BC-AD 220 created a sheet of paper using mulberry and other bast fibres along with fishnets, old rags, and hemp waste. 6 better source needed However, the earliest piece of paper found, at Fangmatan in Gansu province inscribed with a map, dates from 179-41.7 Techniques edit During the Shang (16001050 BC) and Zhou (1050-256 BC) dynasties of ancient China, documents were ordinarily written on bone or bamboo (on tablets or on bamboo strips sewn and rolled together into scrolls making them very heavy, awkward, and hard to transport. The light material of silk was sometimes used as a recording medium, but was normally too expensive to consider. The Han dynasty Chinese court official Cai Lun (ca. 50121) is widely regarded essay writing unforgettable moment my life as the inventor of the modern method of papermaking (inspired by wasps and bees) from rags and other plant fibers in 105.
By the 11th century papermaking was brought to medieval Europe, where it was refined with the earliest known paper mills utilizing waterwheels. Later, western improvements to the papermaking process came in the 19th century with the invention of wood-based papers. Contents, precursors: papyrus and amate essay writing oxford university edit, the word "paper" is etymologically derived from papyrus, Ancient Greek for the, cyperus papyrus plant. Papyrus is a thick, paper-like material produced from the pith of the.Cyperus papyrus plant which was used in ancient Egypt and other, mediterranean cultures for writing long before the making of paper in China. 2 Papyrus however are plants pressed and dried, while paper is made from fibers whose properties have been changed by maceration or disintegration. 3 In the pre-Columbian Americas, a type of early bark paper known as amate was used as a folded writing material for codices. The earliest sample of amate was found at Huitzilapa near the Magdalena Municipality, Jalisco, Mexico, belonging to the shaft tomb culture.
Paper is a "wood" like material primarily used for writing, first invented in ancient China. 1, although contemporary precursors such as papyrus and amate existed in the, mediterranean world and pre-Columbian Americas, essay writing visit zoo respectively, these materials are not defined as true paper. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the.Eastern Han period (25-220 AD traditionally attributed to the court official. During the 8th century Chinese papermaking spread to the.