Jennifer Wiss, business development manager at All Answers (which trades under a number of names on the web, including m says that the company dispatched 11,470 custom essays in 2012, of which three-quarters were ordered from UK IP addresses. This figure is difficult to verify, but the firms accounts appear to be consistent with a company selling essays in such quantities. Wiss estimates that a further 4,000 custom essays are written in the UK by rival agencies each year (although students at British universities can also order from abroad). In 2005 Barclay Littlewood, who was then chief executive of All Answers (which promoted itself as UK Essays estimated that the business was worth 200 million a year and boasted that it had online essay writing course uk allowed him to buy a Ferrari and a Lamborghini.Robert Eaglestone, professor of contemporary literature and thought. Royal Holloway, University of London, believes that custom-written essays are a problem, but thinks that some essay mills choose to exaggerate their size through the press because its good advertising. Its a very media- friendly problem. Whatever the number of essays being commissioned and the scale of the companies involved, information gathered.Times Higher Education under the Freedom of Information Act suggests that the number of custom-written essays being detected and officially reported is tiny. THE asked UK universities to provide details of the number of students they had disciplined in the academic years for handing in custom essays or assignments bought from essay mills. Among the universities that responded to the request within 20 days, just 29 students were disciplined in 2011-12; in 2012-13, 30 students from 15 institutions were penalised. More than half the offenders hailed from outside the.
The pair studied a large sample of essay mill sites between March 2005 and June 2013, and identified nearly 19,000 attempts at contract cheating by students. While they examined websites that could be used by anyone anywhere in the world, a more detailed study of 59 postings in 2011 on one website, m, found 18 references to assignments at UK universities. What we detected is the tip of the iceberg, cautions Lancaster.No one even knows how many essay ghostwriting sites there are on the web, but five years ago Lancaster and Clarke listed 158. In addition to the online activity, there is an unknown number of essay writers who advertise their work offline - even on campus.You get flyers pinned up on university noticeboards that say: Well do your work, Lancaster explains. Then there are those who arrange contract essays socially, for homework help rochester ny friends, family members or students one or two years below them, who leave no public trace at all. An upper-second, five-page undergraduate history essay will set you back 70 at the cheaper end of the market, but some sites charge in the region of 150-160.One website, which sells itself as a premier service, charges 50 an hour. This may sound expensive, but it is loose change compared with the cost (particularly for international students) of having to retake a year. At the top end of the scale, postgraduate dissertations of 25,000 words cost in the region of 2,800. Some essay writing companies are willing write my essay cheap cheap to provide more specific estimates of the scale of demand for their services, although the figures are self-reported and some academics say that the firms may exaggerate their popularity to attract publicity and gain more custom.
Has the student miraculously improved, or are you looking at a particularly pernicious problem afflicting todays higher education sector: the paid- for, custom-written essay? Custom essays, usually bought through websites known as essay mills, are in some ways an academics worst nightmare. Unlike standard examples of copy-and-paste plagiarism, they cannot be detected using software because they are original pieces of work - just not the students. They also arguably represent an even more cynical form of cheating than, for example, regurgitating unattributed passages in a piece of submitted work.For many years, essay mills have been brazenly advertising their wares online, although they are always careful not to condone customers handing in bought pieces of work, arguing that the essays purchased are intended simply as useful guides or reference material. No one knows how big the market in custom essays is, or whether universities are managing to detect those students who do hand them. There are also concerns that in an age of mass higher education and high student-to-staff ratios, lecturers are less able to get to know their students work, making this form of cheating more difficult to detect. And there are fears best essays for medical school that the pressures of the job might encourage some academics to turn a blind eye to the practice.But perhaps the most important question is whether it is possible to prevent this form of cheating in the first place. Asking how many custom-written essays are being bought and sold in the UK is a bit like asking how long is a piece of string?, argues Thomas Lancaster, senior lecturer in computing.For obvious reasons (including the fact that cheats do not want to be caught, essay mills operate online, and there are no official statistics it is difficult to come by reliable figures. However, Lancaster, along with his former colleague Robert Clarke, has attempted to quantify the scale of the problem.
The damage contract cheating can inflict on society is clear. Graduates emerge from university with huge (and in some disciplines, potentially dangerous) gaps in their learning and knowledge.Picture the following scenario: marking an essay by one of your more underwhelming students, you grow suspicious. You would like to be pleased by the unexpected quality of the work, but instead you feel a twinge that a sentence is too neatly framed, papers for buying property as one scholar who has found herself in this position puts.The analysis is superb, the writing style good - but is it too good? It bears little resemblance to previous work by the same student: indeed, it is in a different league. But it has been through Turnitin, the academic plagiarism checker, and come back clean.