In contrast, symbolic systems such as information signs, painting, maps, and writing paper 23 x 28 inches mathematics often do not require prior knowledge of a spoken language. Every human community possesses language, a feature regarded by many as an innate and defining condition of mankind (see Origin of language ). However the development of writing systems, and their partial supplantation of traditional oral systems of communication, have been sporadic, uneven and slow. Once established, writing systems on the whole change more slowly than their spoken counterparts, and often preserve features and expressions which are no longer current in the spoken language.The greatest benefit of writing is that it provides the tool by which society can record information consistently and in greater detail, something that could not be achieved as well previously by spoken word. Writing allows societies to transmit information and share knowledge. Recorded history edit Main articles: Recorded history and Early literature Scholars make a reasonable distinction between prehistory and history of early writing, 10 but have disagreed concerning when prehistory becomes history and when proto-writing became "true writing". The definition is largely subjective.
In addition, the script is still undeciphered and there is debate over whether the script is true writing at all, or instead some kind of proto-writing or non-linguistic sign system. An additional possibility is the undeciphered Rongorongo script of Easter Island. It is debated whether this is true writing, and if it is, whether it is another case of cultural diffusion of writing. The oldest example is from 1851, 139 years after their first contact with Europeans.One explanation is that the script was inspired by Spain 's written annexation proclamation in 1770. 9 Various other make in india essay pdf known cases of cultural diffusion of writing exist, where the general concept of writing was transmitted from one culture to another but the specifics of the system were independently developed. Recent examples are the Cherokee syllabary, invented by Sequoyah, and the Pahawh Hmong system for writing the Hmong language. Writing systems edit Main article: Writing system Symbolic communication systems are distinguished from writing systems in that one must usually understand something of the associated spoken language to comprehend the text.
Mesopotamia, is believed to be the place where written language was first invented around 3200. Writing numbers for the purpose of record keeping began long before the writing of language. History of writing ancient numbers for how the writing of numbers began.It is generally agreed that true writing of language (not only numbers) was invented independently in at least two places and possibly more (N.B.: "invented" here refers to, not merely the development of a particular writing system, but the origination of the concept of writing. The two places where it is most certain that the concept of writing was developed independently are writing an argumentative essay 7th grade ancient. Sumer (in, mesopotamia ) around 3200 BC, and, mesoamerica around 300. Several, mesoamerican scripts are known, the oldest being from the.Olmec or, zapotec of, mexico. Independent writing systems also arose in Egypt around 3200 BC and in China around 1200 BC 4, but historians debate whether these writing systems were developed completely independently of Sumerian writing or whether either or both were inspired by Sumerian writing via a process. In other words, was the concept of representing language using writing, though not necessarily the specifics of how such a system worked, passed on by traders or merchants traveling between the two regions? However, Chinese characters are probably an independent invention, because there is no evidence of contact between China and the literate civilizations of the Near East, 5 and because of the distinct differences between the Mesopotamian and Chinese approaches to logography and phonetic representation.6 Egyptian script is dissimilar from Mesopotamian cuneiform, but similarities in concepts and in earliest attestation suggest that the idea of writing may have come to Egypt from Mesopotamia. 7 In 1999, Archaeology Magazine reported that the earliest Egyptian glyphs date back to 3400 BC, which "challenge the commonly held belief that early logographs, pictographic symbols representing a specific place, object, or quantity, first evolved into more complex phonetic symbols in Mesopotamia." 8 Similar.
The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks 1 and also the study and description of these developments. In the history of how systems of representation of language through graphic means have evolved in different human civilizations, more complete writing systems were preceded by proto-writing, systems of ideographic or early mnemonic symbols. True writing, in which the content of a write my paper in 2 hours linguistic utterance is encoded so that another reader can reconstruct, with a fair degree of accuracy, the exact utterance written down.A 1 is a later development. It is distinguished from proto-writing which typically avoids encoding grammatical words and affixes, making it more difficult or impossible to reconstruct the exact meaning intended by the writer unless a great deal of context is already known in advance. One of the earliest forms of written expression is cuneiform.2, contents, inventions of writing edit, see also: List of languages by first written accounts. Sumer, an ancient civilization of southern.